What Conditions Do Occupational Therapists Treat
Occupational therapists are beneficial to people suffering from mental disability or physical disability in helping patients of all ages to live and be involved in everyday society and improve or sustain life to the highest possible level of independence. When asking 'what conditions do occupation therapists treat?' a wide scope of conditions can be covered.
What conditions do occupational therapists treat? -Mental heath
The first part of 'what conditions do occupational therapists treat?' is mental health. Mental health problems can affect numerous different age groups in various forms. An occupational therapists training gives them the ability to evaluate and re-evaluate a patient's level of function and to decide if therapy can improve and compensate for loss of function. Mental health issues that are treated include:
- Substance abuse
- Eating disorders
- Mood disorders
- Anxiety disorders
Patients with these conditions are helped to engage and cope with everyday life. Activities such as home making, use of public transport, shopping, money budgeting and time management may all be used to help patients. The aim is to help people suffering from mental health to acquire the skills necessary for them to take care of themselves, building up routines, employment education and community access and participation can all be used. Helping patients to go out and do their own shopping or to attend a bank or library are all beneficial.
Children with mental health problems are approached different as far as activities go. Activities for paediatric patients may include household chores and help with school work. Other things might be to allow them to play at the park and integrate with other children in the community.
What conditions do occupational therapists treat? - Physical health
The second part of 'what conditions do occupation therapists treat?' will focus on physical health issues. Like mental health, physical health can also affect any age group of walk of life in many different ways. These conditions can be as a result of accident or injury or have been present from birth, some of the physical health issues that require the work of occupational therapists are:
- Brain injury
- Spinal cord injury
- Muscular dystrophy
- Cerebral Palsy
- Cancer patients
- Stroke victims
Occupational therapists can be seen with these patients in different areas such as patient homes, hospitals or rehab centres. Therapists can help the patients to perform tasks and exercises to improve the ability of muscles, such as painting or making things.
Those patients that suffer from permanent severe disability make also be taught how to use computer programs to build and improve their ability to communicate with others and control various different aspects in their surrounding environment. Therapists can also supply and teach patients in the use of aids that can help them to get mobile such as wheelchairs, walking frames and stair lifts. Those with physical health problem living at home can also have therapists design and provide equipment to modify the home so as to help the patient undertake everyday tasks.